Taxes and Financial Incentives Profile

Businesses locating within the Kansas City area are eligible for several incentive programs which, at the time of initial investment, offer direct cost reductions. Some of the programs also reduce annual operating costs. Businesses and individuals located in the metropolitan area are also affected by a tax structure that is quite favorable when compared to most regions of the United States.

The purpose of this profile is to provide an introductory and representative overview of the overall tax and financial incentive structure in the Kansas City region. Included is a summary of state and local business taxes, state-imposed employment costs, and individual income taxes for both the Kansas and Missouri sides of the metropolitan area.
 
This publication also addresses the wide range of financial incentives provided by state and local government agencies. These include state income tax credits, real and personal property tax exemptions, sales tax exemptions, financing programs, workforce training, and a number of other programs.

Financial Incentives

Enterprise Zones

 

Missouri

Enhanced Enterprise Zones are specified geographic areas designated by local governments and certified by the Missouri Department of Economic Development (DED). Individual business eligibility will be determined by the zone based on the creation of sustainable jobs in a targeted industry or demonstrated impact on local industry cluster development. Gambling establishments, retail trade, food and drinking places, educational services, religious organizations, and public administrators are prohibited from receiving the state tax credits. Service industries can be eligible if a majority of their annual revenues will be derived from services provided out of the state. DED will consult with the local government in determining eligibility.

See the Job Creation Incentives section below for detailed information about the Missouri Works program.

Financing Programs

INFORMATION FOR BOTH KANSAS AND MISSOURI IS PRESENTED BELOW.

Kansas, Bond Financing

 

Industrial Revenue Bonds

Industrial revenue bonds (IRBs) are among the most popular and cost-efficient methods of financing up to 100% of a growing business' land, buildings, and equipment, with the only equity requirement being the cost of bond issuance. IRBs are securities issued by cities and counties to provide the funds for credit-worthy companies to purchase land, to pay for the cost of constructing and equipping new facilities, or for purchasing, remodeling, or expanding existing facilities. Other developmental and financing costs, such as engineering, architectural, legal, and bond underwriting costs, may also be financed from bond proceeds.

A business leases the project facility from the bond issuer, then rent payments are used to pay the principal and interest to the bond holders. When all bonds have been paid, the business may assume title to the project for a nominal price, such as $100. Lease/purchase financing permits the business to take advantage of applicable depreciation guidelines, receive available tax credits, and deduct interest payments as a business expense.

Most bonds are structured over 10-15 years. Principal repayment terms are flexible and can be structured to suit a business' specific cash flow needs. The bonds are usually not callable before the third or fourth year.

Certain projects are eligible for tax exempt financing. When tax exempt IRBs are issued, the interest received by IRB holders is exempt from federal and Kansas income tax, and as a result, the cost of financing the project is below conventional costs. Tax exempt financing is available for manufacturing facilities, as well as for a variety of utility, transportation, and other public infrastructure projects. Up to $10 million of tax-exempt IRBs can be issued to finance office, distribution, manufacturing and R&D facilities.

Whether a project is financed through tax exempt or taxable IRBs, Kansas law exempts the project from real and personal property taxation for up to 10 years. Issuers can require that all, or a portion of, the abated taxes be made available to local taxing jurisdictions in the form of "payments in lieu of taxes." Nearly every IRB issuer will also provide partial property tax abatements as an additional incentive to companies for locating in the community. The cost of building materials and labor, as well as fixed items of machinery and equipment, is exempt from state and local sales taxes.

Kansas Development Finance Authority

The Kansas Development Finance Authority (KDFA) is authorized to issue bonds, either for a specific activity or on a pooled basis. KDFA may issue bonds for financing capital improvements, industrial enterprises, agribusiness enterprises, educational facilities, health care facilities, and housing developments. It may also issue bonds to finance an interest, such as lease or mortgage, on such facilities. The Authority may also help establish and fund venture capital funds.

Any bonds issued by the Authority and the interest paid thereon, unless specifically declared to be taxable in the authorizing resolution, are exempt from all state, county, and municipal taxes. The exemptions include income, inheritance, and property taxes.

Bond Finance Program for Aviation Projects

The Kansas Development Finance Authority are authorized to issue bonds for large aviation projects. An eligible aviation business is defined as a company engaged in the aviation manufacturing or service industry, paying at least $150 million in annual gross wages, paying at least a $50,000 average annual wage and invested at least $500 million in real and personal property in Kansas.

An eligible aviation project is a research, development, engineering or manufacturing project for which the company proposes to invest at least $500 million and employ up to 4,000 full-time employees. The Kansas Development Finance Authority would issue bonds for a principal amount of up to $33 million for a single aviation project with a $150 million cap for all projects.

The maximum term of the bonds is typically 20 years. The normal income tax withheld from the employee's wages is used to pay back the principal and interest on the bonds. If the company receives project benefits from this program, they are not eligible to also participate in IMPACT.

Missouri, Bond Financing

 

Industrial Revenue Bonds

Missouri offers a variety of methods of issuing low-cost, long-term industrial revenue bonds (IRBs). The proceeds of an IRB issue may be used to finance up to 100% of the cost of fixed assets such as land, buildings, machinery, and equipment. The following public corporations and government agencies are authorized to issue IRBs to facilitate the financing of business projects in Missouri: Industrial Development Corporations, Municipalities (general obligation or revenue bonds), Planned Industrial Expansion Authorities, Land Clearance for Redevelopment Authorities, Special Business Districts, Port Authorities, the Environmental Improvement and Energy Resources Authority, and the Missouri Development Finance Board.

  • Missouri Development Finance Board. The Missouri Development Finance Board (MDFB) is authorized to issue IRBs to attract new industry and to help existing industry expand in the state. Tax-Exempt IRBs. The MDFB may issue such bonds to provide small and mid-sized manufacturers with long-term, below-market rate financing for fixed assets such as land, buildings, machinery, and equipment. In addition to financing expansion projects, bond proceeds can also be used to retire the outstanding principal of previous tax-exempt issues. Taxable IRBs. The MDFB has the authority to issue taxable bonds to provide virtually any type of business or industry with low cost, long-term financing for fixed assets. The participation of the borrowers' banks through letters of credit may result in lower issuing costs and more attractive interest rates than conventional bank financing on some projects between $5 and $50 million.
  • Missouri BUILD Program. The MDFB may issue IRBs to finance public or private infrastructure used to support larger business projects or to finance new capital improvements of the business at the project location. The Business Use Incentives for Large Development (BUILD) Program provides Missouri state income tax credits to the business in the amount of debt service payments for the IRBs related to a portion of project costs. If tax credits exceed tax liability, the business may receive a refund for the unused portion. New or expanding manufacturers, and specified other employers, must invest a minimum of $15 million in capital improvements and create at least 100 new jobs within three years. Eligible office projects must invest at least $10 million in capital improvements and create at least 500 new jobs within three years, or a minimum of 200 new jobs if located within a distressed community.
  • Industrial Development Corporations. Missouri law permits cities and counties to establish special public corporations called Industrial Development Corporations (IDCs) to issue IRBs. An IDC has the authority to issue tax exempt or taxable bonds. Financing industrial development through an IDC, rather than with a municipal bond issue, is advantageous because a bond approval election is not required. Property may be owned by an IDC and leased to a company. Abatement of property taxes is not available.
  • Municipalities. Cities or counties may purchase or construct projects with bond proceeds and lease or sell the project to a company. The bonds may be issued as a "revenue" bond or a "general obligation" bond. General obligation bond issues require a two-thirds public voter approval. Revenue bonds do not require a bond approval election. Municipal IRBs can be issued to provide funds to purchase, construct, expand or improve industrial plants. The bonds can be sold as federal and state tax-exempt, if the project is less than $10 million, and if the company has less than $40 million in outstanding tax-exempt bonds, and the company is a manufacturer. It may be possible to exempt most of the real and personal property tax of bond-financed buildings and machinery if the city or county owns the property and leases it to the company.

Kansas, Infrastructure Financing

 

Tax Increment Financing

Tax Increment Financing (TIF) is a real estate redevelopment technique, applicable to industrial, commercial and residential projects. TIF covers the costs of publicly provided project improvements by using the anticipated increases in real estate tax revenues to retire the bonds sold to finance qualifying redevelopment costs.

The advantages of TIF for business include 1) financing of land acquisitions and improvements with tax-free borrowing, thus reducing interest costs, and 2) offering the opportunity to purchase renovated sites and/or buildings at sub-market costs.

Moneys raised through TIF can be used for initiatives selected and administered by local governments, such as land acquisition, land and building cost subsidies, structure rehabilitation, and public improvements.

TIF works for both privately-owned land and publicly-owned land to be sold for redevelopment. It is available only if private redevelopment would not occur without public improvements. TIF cannot be used speculatively to prepare a site for development.

Applicable to redevelopment financing as well.

Community Development Block Grant Funds

Eligible small cities and counties may apply for Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) funds for water, sewer or other infrastructure improvements to assist new or existing companies create or retain jobs. Funds may also be used to provide direct financial assistance to firms for the acquisition of land or buildings, construction or renovation of facilities, purchase of machinery and equipment, infrastructure improvements, and/or working capital. The interest rate is currently set at 3 percent below prime or 4 percent, whichever is greater. The term of the loan is based on the asset being financed - working capital loan is up to 5 years, machinery and equipment is up to 10 years and real property is up to 15 years. For business loans, a match is required of $.50 to every $1 of CDBG funds.

Funds are awarded on a competitive basis, providing low-interest subordinated loans to business or communities for public infrastructure needs. Projects are expected to create or to retain jobs for low and moderate-income persons.

The maximum economic development block grant award is $35,000 per job created or retained. The maximum CDBG grant available is $750,000. At least 51% of the jobs created must meet HUD's low-and moderate-income standard for the county in which the project is located.

CDBG loans are individually structured during negotiations with the company and local and state officials. Local governments receive the grant funds and in turn loan them to the company, with flexible interest rates (from 0% to prime) tailored to the company's needs and cash flow. A low dollar/job creation ratio and complete recapture of grant funds by the community increases the project's funding potential. Loan guarantees and interim financing are also available for economic development projects on an open window basis.

Missouri, Infrastructure Financing

 

Tax Increment Financing

Tax increment financing (TIF) is designed to help finance improvements to property in designated redevelopment areas using the tax revenues that result from improvements to those areas. Any city or county in Missouri may designate redevelopment projects and adopt TIF by passage of local ordinances.

Up to 100% of the increased amount of real property taxes and 50% of local sales, utility, and (in Kansas City) earnings taxes resulting from improvements in a redevelopment area are paid in lieu of taxes into a "special allocation fund." Additionally, up to 50% of state withholding taxes or 50% of state general sales taxes (1.5%) generated by a TIF project may supplement local TIF funding. The amount redevelopment project costs funded and the length of time local taxes are redirected into the fund (it can be up to 23 years) is negotiated by the local TIF commission based on the least amount to cause the project to occur. TIF project funds may be derived from a bond issue (paid from the net new local taxes), or a reimbursement to the developer for approved costs.

Eligible redevelopment project costs are defined very broadly and include, in part: the costs of studies, surveys, plans and specifications, land acquisition, land preparation, professional service costs and fees, and construction costs of both public and private improvements. The State of Missouri offers four state programs using a variation of tax increment financing:

  • State TIF. To be eligible for State Supplemental Tax Increment Financing (“State TIF”), the redevelopment project must meet each of the following: The redevelopment project area must be blighted. The redevelopment project area must be located in: a state enterprise zone; a federal empowerment zone; an urban core area; or a central business district; The zone or blighted area must contain at least one building that is 50 years of age or older; and The redevelopment project area, over the past 20 years, must have experienced a generally declining population or generally declining property taxes. An applicant may be approved to receive up to 50% of the net new state sales tax revenue (general revenue portion only; excluding dedicated taxes) generated in the project area OR up to 50% of the increase in state income tax revenue from net new jobs in the project area. An applicant cannot receive both.
  • Missouri Downtown Economic Stimulus Act (MODESA). Funding helps facilitate the redevelopment of downtown areas and the creation of jobs by providing public infrastructure. Eligible areas include "central business districts" that are either "blighted" or a "conservation area." At least 50% of the buildings must be 35 years or older. A portion of the new state and local taxes created by a project can be diverted to fund eligible public infrastructure and related costs for up to 25 years. Other restrictions apply.
  • Missouri Rural Economic Stimulus Act (MORESA). MORESA provides financial incentives for public infrastructure for the development of renewable fuel production facilities or eligible new generation processing entity facility,with a cost of at least $3 million, and projected to create at least 30 jobs. Eligible areas include a contiguous and "blighted" Development Area, not encompassing more than 10% of the area of an eligible municipality. A portion of new state and local taxes created by the production facility project may be diverted to fund construction of eligible public infrastructure and related costs for a period of up to 25 years.
  • Downtown Preservation. Only allows revenues from state sales tax.

Eligible redevelopment project costs are defined very broadly and include, in part: the costs of studies, surveys, plans and specifications, land acquisition, land preparation, professional service costs and fees, and construction costs of both public and private improvements.

Applicable to redevelopment financing as well.

Community Development Block Grant Program

Qualified job-creating businesses located in "non-entitlement" areas of Missouri may qualify for programs funded by the federal Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program administered through the Missouri Dept. of Economic Development. Those eligible for grants are cities under 50,000 and counties under 200,000. Within the greater Kansas City area, Kansas City, Independence, Lee's Summit, and St. Joseph do not qualify as "non-entitlement" areas. As CDBG-funded, the following programs require that at least 51% of the new jobs due to the project must be taken by persons considered of low or moderate income.

Missouri BUILD Program

The MDFB may issue IRBs to finance public or private infrastructure used to support larger business projects or to finance new capital improvements of the business at the project location. The Business Use Incentives for Large Development (BUILD) Program provides Missouri state income tax credits to the business in the amount of debt service payments for the IRBs related to a portion of project costs. If tax credits exceed tax liability, the business may receive a refund for the unused portion. New or expanding manufacturers, and specified other employers, must invest a minimum of $15 million in capital improvements and create at least 100 new jobs within three years. Eligible office projects must invest at least $10 million in capital improvements and create at least 500 new jobs within three years.

Industrial Infrastructure Grants

This Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program provides grants to eligible communities to assist in providing public infrastructure such as water, sewer, and roads to support new or expanding businesses or to prevent the relocation or closing of a facility. Once the city or county has exhausted their available resources, the maximum grant per projects for a start- up company is lower of $350,000 per project; 50% of cost of the infrastructure activities; or $20,000 per new full-time job. The Department of Economic Development MAY, at its discretion award up to $500,00 if the participating company provides a personal guaranty or an irrevocable Letter of Credit from an acceptable financial institution for the amount which exceeds $350,000. For existing companies the maximum grant is lower of $2,000,000 per project or $20,000 per new full-time job. 

Missouri, Loan Financing

 

Interim Financing Loans

This Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program provides cash flow relief to induce a manufacturing company to initiate a project, the Department of Economic Development provides funding through a city or county sponsor to facilitate a partner business. Funds can be used for the purchase of new fixed assets or permanent working capital. The loan term is typically 18 months and payment of principal and interest is deferred until the end of the term.

Loan Guarantees

Loan guarantees are a method of providing gap financing for new or expanding businesses. Eligible job-creating businesses may receive up to a 90% loan guarantee on funds obtained from a private lender, up to a maximum of $750,000 or $25,000 per job, whichever is less. Application is made through a city or county. Funds may be used for the purchase of new fixed assets or permanent working capital. Depending on the use of the funds, the term of the loan may be as great as 15 years. The company must demonstrate that other programs (i.e., SBA 7A and similar programs) have been exhausted before this program is used.

Microenterprise Loan

The Microenterprise Loan Program is a Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program than promotes small business development (five or fewer employees) by supporting a local loan fund. This program gives funds to local governments to establish a loan program for "microenterprise" assistance.

Speculative Building Loans

The purpose of this program is to provide an inducement for a speculative industrial building. The Department of Economic Development provides funding through a city or county government on behalf of an eligible borrower. An eligible borrower is a nonprofit development corporation. The maximum funding available is the lesser of $1 million per project or $25,000 per new job. Funds can be used for the purchase of land, the development of on-site infrastructure, the purchase of an existing building and improvements, or the construction of a new building. The term of the loan is a maximum of 30 months. The interest is 1% of the amount borrowed.

Market Development Program

This program aims to encourage businesses to convert materials recovered from solid waste into marketable products. Eligible projects include the final processing or conversion of recovered materials in usable industrial feedstock or the manufacturing of products from feedstocks. Eligible expenses include new equipment or conversion of existing equipment as well as installation, operation, and maintenance. Funds are provided as a loan secured by the machinery and equipment financed by the loan proceeds. The loan is canceled after two years if the conditions (maintenance of operations and reporting) are met. The program may fund 75% of specific equipment costs with a maximum funding level of $250,000.

Urban Enterprise Loan Program

These funds may be used to start a new business; purchase business equipment, inventory, or working capital; acquire business assets; or expand an existing business in designated Kansas City urban areas. The funds are limited to 50% of the total financial need. Loans range from $10,000-$100,000.

Missouri Development Finance Board Tax Credit Programs

Any taxpayer may receive a state tax credit equal to 50% of any amount contributed to the Industrial Development and Reserve Fund, or the Export Finance Fund. Contributions to these funds are used to make direct loans and loan guarantees to new and expanding businesses and nonprofit organizations, and to make grants to public entities. Credits may be transferred or sold and there is a five-year carry-over provision.

Development Tax Credit Program

The state provides income tax credits based on a contribution by a company to a local non-profit corporation (NPC) for projects approved by the Department of Economic Development. The amount of credits approved will be based on the economic impact of the project and the minimum amount of credits required to cause the project to occur. The purpose of the program is to create full-time, year-round job. The project must be located in a "blighted" or "distressed" area.

Eligible donations include cash, machinery and equipment, and real estate. The NPC will lease the real or personal property to a business entity. The lease is structured to facilitate the business' project an lease payments will be based on the costs of the non-profit to operate and maintain the subject assets (if any).

In most cases the NPC will provide DED the lease payments received in an amount to repay the tax credits plus interest. The tax credits may be used in the year received, or for up to five years if desired. Credits also my be sold or transferred.

Action Fund Loans

For-profit manufacturing, processing and assembly companies located in a non-entitlement area that has wages above the county average and provide medical benefits may be eligible for a loan which may be used for the purchase of new machinery and equipment or working capital. The loan must be made in cooperation with a city or county sponsor.

The Action Fund Loans are a CDBG program that are designed to provide "last resort gap financing" where the economic impact or the project outweighs the default risk. Payments may be deferred for up to three years until cash flow is positive, if the growth rate supports the cash flow projections. The term of the loan is not to exceed 10 years.

Missouri, Redevelopment Financing

 

The Brownfield Remediation Program

This program encourages Missouri businesses to remediate contaminated sites on which abandoned buildings are located, and to refurbish and occupy such buildings, thereby create employment opportunities. In addition to the programs' tax credits, program benefits include loan guarantees and direct loans to business to finance capital improvements at the project location. Grants can also be issued for the improvement of public infrastructure for the project. In addition, public entities can obtain grant funding (up to $100,000 or 50% of the cost) for feasibility studies or other due diligence costs. The maximum amount of funding available to a project through loans and grants is $1 million in aggregate.

The eligible project must be in a blighted area and must comply with the Dept. of Natural Resources' environmental conditions. A new company must create and maintain 10 new jobs, and an existing company must retain 25 jobs to receive benefits.

The Brownfield Jobs & Investment Tax Credit Program

Any person or business operating an eligible project of redevelopment on certain abandoned and contaminated property may be eligible to earn state income tax credits for new investment and new income tax benefits for up to 100% of remediation costs. The company may obtain (for up to 10 years) tax credits between $500 and $1,300 per year for each new job created, tax credits based on 2% (annually) of new capital investment, a 50% income exemption, and abatement of local real property taxes (10-25 years).

The eligible project must be in a blighted area and must comply with the Department of Natural Resources' environmental conditions. A new company must create and maintain 10 new jobs, and an existing company must retain 25 jobs to receive benefits.

Urban Redevelopment Corporation Program

Missouri promotes urban redevelopment through a potential 25-year ad valorem tax incentive program known as Chapter 353. Any city (there is no size restriction) may establish an Urban Redevelopment Corporation to redevelop areas designated as blighted due to age, obsolescence, or physical deterioration. Under the program, up to 100% of improvements to real property may be exempt from state and local property taxes for up to 25 years.

Foreign Trade Zones

Foreign Trade Zones (FTZ) Numbers 15 and 17 in the Greater Kansas City area make up the largest FTZ in the U.S. with five manufacturing zones (123.4 acres), nine general purpose FTZ sites, with over eight million square feet of active FTZ space, and 13,000 plus acres of inactive FTZ space available for storage and/or processing of merchandise. Kansas City's manufacturing, processing, and distribution FTZs support a variety of activities in animal health and crop science processing, motor and implement manufacturing and assembly activities, textile and apparel industries and related value added work as well as import, kitting, and distribution of sports-related consumer products and apparel. Located in the geographic center of the U.S., with market coverage of 155.6 million consumers within 16 hours driving time, the underpinnings of Kansas City's reputation as a growing trade hub is it's significant highway, rail, air and other transportation infrastructure. Kansas City's FTZs handle more volume than those in Dallas/Ft. Worth, Denver, Minneapolis, Oklahoma City, Tulsa, and St. Louis.

The trade zones program in the Greater Kansas City area is operated by the Greater Kansas City Foreign Trade Zone, Inc. (GKCFTZ). Kansas City was the first inland area to be granted the right to operate a FTZ and the first administered by a private, not-for-profit corporation.

The FTZ encourages international commerce and offers businesses many cost saving advantages:

  • Under the supervision of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, foreign goods may enter Kansas City's designated FTZ areas free of custom duties and fees for an unlimited period of time.
  • While in the zone, goods may be stored, manipulated, mixed with domestic and/or foreign materials, used in a manufacturing process, or exhibited for sale. 
  • Imported goods assembled or manufactured in a zone may be subject to a lower duty rate. Duty is assessed on the value of the imported parts at the duty rate applicable to the imported parts or applicable finished product, whichever is lower. Duty is not assessed on U.S. labor or materials used in assembly or manufacturing.
  • Since there are no time restrictions, merchandise may be stored indefinitely without duty until it is sold and/or moved out. 
  • Damaged, defective or non-salable merchandise may be destroyed without being subject to U.S. customs duty. 
  • Merchandise may be exported without being subject to U.S. customs duty.

Kansas City's FTZ recently reorganized their program and operation under ASF regulations which offers many advantages including expedited and cost effective access to the program for all companies, large and small alike, through simpler application processes and shortened application time frames when businesses are locating in existing FTZ space.

To view a list and map of FTZ locations visit the KC SmartPort website. 

Income Tax Credits

INFORMATION FOR BOTH KANSAS AND MISSOURI IS PRESENTED BELOW.

Kansas

 
Angel Investor Tax Credits

Tax credits are offered against Kansas income tax liability for accredited investors making investments in seed and early-stage capital financing for emerging Kansas businesses engaged in the development, implementation and commercialization of innovative technologies, products and agencies.

  • The credit is 50% of the investor’s cash investment in the qualified business.
  • If the amount of credit exceeds the investor’s tax liability in any one taxable year, the remaining portion of the credit may be carried forward until the total amount of the credit is used.
  • The Kansas Department of Revenue will not allow tax credits that are attributable to an individual of more than $50,000 of cash investments in the qualified securities of a single Kansas business for cash investments in the qualified securities of more than five Kansas businesses each year.

High Performance Business Tax Credits

The High Performance Incentive Program (HPIP) provides tax incentives to employers that pay above-average wages and have a strong commitment to skills development for their workers. This program recognizes the need for Kansas companies to remain competitive and encourages capital investment in facilities, technology and continued employee training and education. A substantial investment tax credit for new capital investment in Kansas and a related sales tax exemption are the primary benefits of this program. As of October 1, 2016 HPIP applications require a non-refundable application fee per worksite location to be submitted with the application. The fee schedule per location is as follows: 1) First time certifications - $750; or 2) Re-certifications - $250; or 3) One page carry-forward only - $0. Note: a 2.5% service fee will be applied to online credit and debit card payments, and a $1.50 service fee will be applied to online ACH payments.
    

HPIP offers employers four potential benefits:

  • A 10 percent income tax credit for eligible capital investment that exceeds $50,000 ($1M in Johnson, Douglas, Shawnee, Wyandotte and Sedgwick Counties) at a company’s facility, with a carry-forward that can be used in any of the next 16 years in which the qualified facility re-qualifies for HPIP.
  • A sales tax exemption to use in conjunction with the company’s eligible capital investment at its qualified facility.
  • A training tax credit of up to $50,000.
  • Priority consideration for access to other business assistance programs.

Participating businesses must be: A for-profit company subject to state taxes;

  • Pay above-average wages (as compared to other similar firms in the same geographical area with matching NAICS codes);
  • Make a significant investment in eligible employee training; and
  • Be either a manufacturer or able to document that most of its sales are to Kansas manufacturers and/or out-of-state business or government agencies. A business in any NAICS code can qualify if it is a headquarters or back-office operation of a national or multi-national corporation.

Companies are required to submit a Capital Investment Project Description estimating the scope of anticipated investment before the company commits to any investment on which it expects to claim HPIP investment tax credit.

Child Day Care Assistance Tax Credits

Tax credits are offered against Kansas income tax liability for businesses that pay for or provide child care services for their employees or that provide facilities and necessary equipment for child daycare services.

  • During the first year credit of up to 50% of the amount spent to establish a day care facility for employees' dependent children is allowed. The credit cannot exceed $45,000 per taxpayer during the first year. One or more taxpayers may work together to establish such a facility.
  • The annual credit available in taxable years after the year of establishment is 30% of the amount expended for annual operation of the facility. The total credit allowed to any taxpayer cannot exceed $30,000 for any tax year.

Research & Development Tax Credits

Taxpayers who invest in research and development (R&D) are entitled to tax credits against their Kansas income tax liability. Qualified R&D expenditures are defined under the U.S. Internal Revenue Code. Qualified R&D expenditures are defined under the U.S. Internal Revenue Code. The credits are based on the amount of current tax year R&D expenditures less average R&D expenditures. The maximum credit is 6.5% of this amount. Only 25% of the allowable annual tax credit may be claimed in any one year. Any remaining credit may be used in 25% increments against future income tax obligations, until the total amount of credit is exhausted.

Kansas Venture Capital and Seed Capital Credits

A credit for a portion of a taxpayer's investment in Kansas Venture Capital, Inc., Sunflower Technology Venture, LP, or a certified private venture capital company or local seed capital pool may be claimed against its Kansas income tax liability. The amount of the credit will be 25% of the total amount of cash investment. The amount of credit exceeding the taxpayer's liability in any one taxable year may be carried forward until the total amount of credit is used.

Community Service Contribution Tax Credits

Any business firm which contributes to a community service organization or governmental entity which engages in the activities of providing community services is allowed a credit against its Kansas income tax liability. "In kind" contributions of property or services may also qualify for the credit. The credit is 50% of the total amount contributed during the taxable year. However, if the approved community service organization is in a rural community as defined by the law, the credit is 70%. If the credit allowed exceeds tax liability, the excess will be refunded. Non-Kansas taxpayers may transfer the credits to others.

Alternative-Fuel Tax Credits

Expenditures for qualified alternative-fueled motor vehicles or for a qualified alternative-fuel fueling station qualifies for income tax credits. Alternatives fuels are defined under Title 42 of the U.S. Code Section 13211 and include fuels that are substantially not petroleum and yield substantial energy security and environmental benefits. For qualified alternative-fuel motor vehicles, the credit is 40% of the conversion or incremental cost, up to the maximum for the vehicle's gross weight (ranging from $2,400 for GVW under 10,000 pounds to $40,000 for GVW over 26,000 pounds). The credit available for a qualified alternative-fuel fueling station is 40% of the total amount expended up to a maximum of $100,000 for each fueling station. The amount of credit which exceeds tax liability may be carried forward to the next three tax years or until used, whichever is earlier.

Other Tax Credit Programs

Kansas offers additional tax credit programs for contributions to a variety of funds and programs. The Historic Preservation Tax Credit is available for the rehabilitation of qualified historic structures. The credit is 25% of qualified expenditures when the total amount of expenditures exceeds $5,000. The Telecommunications Tax Credit is available for specified telecommunications companies. Specified telecommunications companies are those whose primary business is the transmissions of communications in the form of voice, data, signals, or facsimile by wire or fiber optic cables. For all taxable years commencing after Dec. 31, 2000, and with respect to property initially acquired and first placed into service in this state on and after Jan. 1, 2001, there shall be allowed an income tax credit, for an amount equal to the difference between the property tax levied at 33 percent assessment rate and an assessment rate of 25 percent on all taxes actually and timely paid during the appropriate income tax year. Additional Kansas tax credits include the Employer Health Contribution Credit and the Disabled Access Credit.

Missouri

 
Research Expense Tax Credit Program

In order to induce existing businesses to increase their research efforts, businesses are permitted to claim a tax credit equal to 6.5% of the excess of qualified research expenses during the tax year, over the average amount of qualified research expenses incurred in Missouri during the preceding three tax years. The credit may be carried forward for up to five additional years. The amount of the tax credits cannot exceed $10 million annually.

Brownfield Remediation Program

Any person or business operating an eligible project of redevelopment on certain abandoned and contaminated commercial/industrial property may be eligible to earn state income tax credits for new investment and new jobs.  The proposed redevelopment site must have been abandoned or underutilized for at least three years.  The program provides state income tax benefits for up to 100% of remediation costs.  DED will issue 75% of the credits upon adequate proof of payment of the costs; the remaining 25% will not be issued until a clean letter has been received from the DNR.

The eligible project must be in a blighted area and must comply with the Dept. of Natural Resources' environmental conditions. A new company must create and maintain 10 new jobs, and an existing company must retain 25 jobs to receive benefits.

Missouri Development Finance Board Tax Credit Programs

Any taxpayer may receive a state tax credit equal to 50% of any amount contributed to the Industrial Development and Reserve Fund, the Infrastructure Development Fund, or the Export Finance Fund. Contributions to these funds are used to make direct loans and loan guarantees to new and expanding businesses and nonprofit organizations, and to make grants to public entities. Credits may be transferred or sold and there is a five-year carry-over provision.

Development Tax Credit Program The state provides income tax credits based on a contribution by a company to a local non-profit corporation (NPC) for projects approved by the Department of Economic Development (DED). The amount of credits approved will be based on the economic impact of the project and the minimum amount of credits required to cause the project to occur. The purpose of the program is to create full-time, year-round jobs. The project must be located in a "blighted" or "distressed" area.

Eligible donations include cash, machinery and equipment, and real estate. The NPC will lease the real or personal property to a business entity. The lease is structured to facilitate the business' project and lease payments will be based on the costs of the non-profit to operate and maintain the subject assets (if any). In most cases the NPC will provide DED the lease payments received in an amount to repay the tax credits plus interest. The tax credits may be used in the year received, or for up to five years if desired. Credits also may be sold or transferred.


New Markets Tax Credit Program
 
The New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) is administered by the Community Development Financial Institutions Fund (CDFI Fund), a branch of the Department of the Treasury and is designed to stimulate the flow of capital into low-income and economically-distressed areas by providing investors (corporate or individual) with a tax incentive for investing in a qualified Community Development Entities (CDE). The CDE, in turn, is charged with providing capital to low-income areas by investing in qualified low-income community businesses (QALICB), which can be a for-profit or not-for-profit business, operating in qualified census tracts. Participating CDE's are given NMTC allocation authority to offer investors a federal tax credit equal to 5 percent of the investment amount in each of the first three years following the initial investment, and a credit equal to 6 percent of the investment amount in each of the following four years. In total, investors receive a credit equal to 39 percent of the initial investment amount. The benefit to the QALICB is access to low-cost of capital which can be used to fund activities including property/land acquisition, construction, equipment purchase, even working capital.

For more information, please visit kcmo.org.

Other Tax Credit Programs

Missouri offers several programs which provide significant tax credits to businesses making contributions to a variety of projects and funds. Some of the programs include the Small Business Incubator Tax Credit Program, the Neighborhood Assistance Program, the Historic Preservation Tax Credit Program, and the Community Bank Investment Tax Credit Program. Tax credits available range from 25% to 70% of contributions to qualified projects. Effectively, such programs enable businesses to redirect their tax dollars to help finance local job creation, growth of the tax base, elimination of blight, and a variety of other purposes. Some programs allow credits to be used in ensuing tax periods or to be sold or transferred to other taxpayers.

International Trade Incentives

In addition to the state programs outlined below, the Greater Kansas City Chamber of Commerce sponsors a World Trade Center that is engaged in promoting greater Kansas City's international business growth through a variety of programs and projects. And another organization, KC SmartPort, is a non-profit corporation whose objective is to help facilitate transportation and logistics business within the Kansas City area by developing and marketing an international trade processing center or inland port.

INFORMATION ON BOTH KANSAS AND MISSOURI IS PRESENTED BELOW.

Kansas

The Kansas Department of Commerce works with new and existing businesses wishing to expand their service reach to the international marketplace.  The department also takes an active role in bringing international business to the state.  The state currently has representatives in Brazil, China, Europe, India, Japan, Korea, Mexico and Taiwan involved in both trade promotion and recruitment of investment.  Services to Kansas businesses include the following:

  • International investment recruitment
  • Export assistance to Kansas companies
  • Kansas International Trade Show Assistance Program

The Kansas International Trade Show Assistance Program (KITSAP) helps introduce Kansas companies to foreign markets through participation in international trade shows. Eligible companies are those whose products or services originate in Kansas or whose products receive substantial value-added processing in Kansas.

A company must first apply to KITSAP, be approved and then sign and return the KITSAP contract before attending a funded trade show. After the company attends the trade show, the program will reimburse one-half of a company’s eligible direct expenses - up to $3,500 per show. A company may not exceed $7,000 in total combined financial assistance during a state fiscal year (July 1 - June 30).

KITSAP will only consider trade shows where the applicant is exhibiting for the first time or has a new technology/product that is being introduced into that market for the first time.  

Missouri

The International Trade and Investment Group in the Business and Community Division of the Missouri Department of Economic Development works to increase the number of Missouri companies exporting; increase the dollar volume of Missouri exports; and to increase the level of foreign investments to the State of Missouri.  Building relationships with organizations across the globe creates resource linkages that enhance the competitive position of Missouri firms. There are State of Missouri offices in China, Europe, Japan, Mexico and Taiwan. 

The International Trade and Investment Group assists companies with trade information, trade counseling, trade missions, trade shows, business protocol, global market research, agent/distribution searches, competitive analysis, export finance assistance, and certificates of Free Sale. 

The state of Missouri Export Finance Program is a cooperative effort between the Missouri Department of Economic Development and the Missouri Development Finance Board. The State of Missouri Export Finance Program focuses on the export finance programs of several federal and international agencies.  Missouri companies exporting can use the export finance programs of the Export – Import Bank of the United States (Ex-Im Bank) and the international programs of the Small Business Administration (SBA). There are primarily two programs available to small and medium-sized companies:  the Export Working Capital Program and the Export Credit Insurance Program. These programs are designed to help small and medium-sized businesses that have exporting potential obtain export working capital and also mitigate risks in international transactions.

Missouri companies export to countries around the world and often export dependent jobs pay higher wages.  Global markets greatly impact export dependent industries in the State of Missouri.  If you would like to learn more about the International Trade and Investment Group, please visit their website at www.missouridevelopment.org.

Job Creation Incentives

INFORMATION FOR BOTH KANSAS AND MISSOURI IS PRESENTED BELOW.
 

Kansas

 
Promoting Employment Across Kansas (PEAK)

PEAK offers "qualified" companies relocating operations to Kansas the ability to retain employee withholding taxes. Qualified companies include both new operations in Kansas as well as relocated operations to the state and qualifying business retention projects as well.

Companies locating in a metropolitan county (Douglas, Johnson, Leavenworth, Shawnee or Wyandotte) and hiring at least 10 new employees within two years or locating in a non-metropolitan county and hiring at least five new employees within two years.

High-impact projects that create 100 new jobs within two years can retain 95% of payroll withholding tax for up to a period of 10 years. The number of years that the withholding tax can be retained depends on how much the annual median wage of the jobs at the Kansas worksite will exceed the current county median wage and the discretion of the Secretary of the Kansas Department of Commerce.

If the aggregate median wage of the new jobs does not qualify the project for PEAK, the annual average wage of the new jobs can be used. Qualifying through the use of the average wage limits the benefits received. 

A PEAK application must be submitted before locating or creating PEAK-eligible jobs in Kansas.
 

Missouri

 
Missouri Works

Missouri Works includes five (5) job creation categories: Rural Works; Zone Works; Statewide Works; Mega Works 120; Mega Works 140; and one job retention category. The benefit period for each category is five (5) years from the date the new jobs are created. Six years for existing Missouri companies. The minimum required number of jobs - and capital investment if applicable - must be created within two (2) years of the Notice of Intent (NOI) approval. The first job must be hired within one (1) year of the NOI approval. The job retention benefit is available to companies which have been located in Missouri for 10 years upon filing the NOI.

In order to qualify for any of the Missouri Works categories, a company must offer health insurance and pay at least 50% of the premium for all full-time employees. Incentive awards are subject to available funding and customary due diligence procedures.

The Zone Works and Rural Works categories require that the company located its project facility in an eligible area, pay a minimum average wage for at least two (2) new jobs equal to 80% and 90%, respectively, of the county average wage, make a capital investment of at least $100,000, and satisfy additional criteria to be eligible for an automatic retention of withholding tax.

The Statewide Works category is available for projects that locate anywhere in the state and pays a minimum average wage for at least ten (10) new jobs equal to 90% of the county average wage. Businesses that meet the specific criteria are eligible for an automatic retention of withholding tax. This category also offers the potential for additional discretionary tax credits.

The Mega Works 120 and Mega Works 140 categories are available for projects that locate anywhere in the state, and pay a minimum average wage for at least 100 new jobs equal to 120% and 140%, respectively, of the county average wage. Businesses that meet specific criteria are eligible for an automatic benefit equal to a percentage of new payroll.

Businesses receive that benefit by retaining 100% of wage withholding tax with the balance in refundable tax credits. These two (2) categories also offer the potential for additional discretionary tax credit benefits.

The job retention category includes a discretionary benefit available to businesses that have been located in Missouri for 10 years upon submitting an NOI. Businesses that meet the specific criteria may be eligible for an automatic retention of withholding tax for the retailed jobs for 10 years.

Eligible businesses include for-profits and non-profit businesses except for gambling, establishments, store front consumer-based retail trade establishments, food and drinking places, public utilities, educational services, religious organizations, public administration, ethanol distillation or production, biodiesel production, or healthcare and social services. Businesses that are delinquent in payment of any nonprotested taxes or other payments or businesses that have filed for or have publicly announced their intention to file for bankruptcy, unless certain requirements are made, are not eligible for this program.

Annual Average Wages by County (effective until 7.01.17)
County
Rural/Non-rural Annual Average Wage
(MERIC)
Buchanan
Non-rural
$41,881
Cass
Rural
$31,599
Clay*
Non-rural
$46,000
Clinton
Rural
$31,155
Jackson*
Non-rural
$46,000
Johnson
Rural
$28,862
Lafayette
Rural
$30,870
Livingston
Rural
$31,719
Platte
Rural
$44,171
Ray
Rural
$34,152
MISSOURI
 
$46,000

Note: Sections 620.2000 to 620.2020, shall be known and may be cited as the "Missouri Works Program."

*Statewide average of $46,000 applicable  to any county over the statewide average when determining program eligibility.

Property Tax Exemptions

INFORMATION FOR BOTH KANSAS AND MISSOURI IS PRESENTED BELOW.

Kansas


Exemption of Property for Economic Development Purposes Counties and cities may exempt from ad valorem taxation all or any portion of the appraised value of all buildings, or added improvements, together with the land upon which such buildings are located, and all associated tangible personal property used exclusively by a business for:

  • Manufacturing articles of commerce; 
  • Conducting research and development; or 
  • Storing goods or commodities which are sold or traded in interstate commerce.

The property must be associated with a business which is new to a county, and if the property was already in Kansas prior to the exemption, the city or county must make a determination that if not for the exemption, Kansas would have lost jobs. Additions to or expansions of existing buildings qualify for the property tax exemptions, if, as a result of the expansion, new jobs are created.

Total or partial ad valorem tax exemption may be in effect for up to 10 years after the calendar year in which a business commences its operations or an expansion is completed. Any property tax abatement is the decision of the city or county.
 
Machinery & Equipment Personal Property Tax Exemption

Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment acquired by qualified purchase or lease, or transferred into the state, is exempt from state and local property tax. This exemption pertains to machinery and equipment used in the expansion of an existing facility or the establishment of a new facility. The exemption covers machinery and equipment used in manufacturing or warehousing/distribution, commercial equipment, computer, desks and chairs, copiers and fax machines.

Businesses Using Industrial Revenue Bonds

Property financed with Industrial Revenue Bonds (IRBs) is exempt from ad valorem taxation for up to 10 years after the bonds are issued. However, localities may elect to negotiate "payments in lieu of taxes."

Inventory Exemption

All merchants' and manufacturers' inventories are exempt from property taxes by constitutional amendment.

Intangible Property

Intangible property taxes are local taxes levied by counties, cities, and townships. The law permits a tax of 3% or less on the income derived from intangible property. However, counties, cities, and townships have the option of reducing or eliminating the tax. The six Kansas counties in the metropolitan area have eliminated their shares of the tax, and most cities in those counties have eliminated all or part of the tax.

Missouri


Enhanced Enterprise Zone Property Tax Benefits 

The Enhanced Enterprise Zone is a discretionary program offering state tax credits to Enhanced Business Enterprises. Tax credits may be provided each year for up to five (5) tax years after the project commences operations. To receive benefits, the facility must create at least two new jobs and $100,000 in new investment. Eligible investment expenditures include the original cost of machinery, equipment, furniture, fixtures, land and building, and/or eight (8) times the annual rental rate paid for the same.

Inventory Exemption

Manufacturer's inventories including raw materials, goods in process and finished goods, as well as goods and wares of retailers, distributors, and wholesalers are exempt from all state and local property taxes.

Urban Redevelopment Corporations

Missouri promotes urban redevelopment through a potential 25-year ad valorem tax incentive program known as Chapter 353. Any city (there is no size restriction) may establish an Urban Redevelopment Corporation to redevelop areas designated as blighted due to age, obsolescence, or physical deterioration. Under the program, up to 100% of improvements to real property may be exempt from state and local property taxes for up to 25 years.

Industrial Revenue Bonds

Cities or counties are authorized, by a program known as Chapter 100, to issue industrial revenue bonds (revenue or general obligation) which may offer an opportunity to abate property taxes. It may be possible to exempt most of the real and personal property tax of buildings and machinery financed by a Chapter 100 bond if the city or county owns the property financed by the bonds. In this case, the company would lease the assets from the city for the term of the bonds. The amount of exemption depends on the structure of the lease, the residual value at the end of the lease, and the interpretation of the statutes by the county assessor of leasehold value. The Missouri Development Finance Board (MDFB) also has the ability to issue tax-exempt or taxable bonds. The MDFB cannot issue general obligation bonds, but it can exempt property taxes under the same method as Chapter 100. 

 Brownfield Redevelopment

In addition to the Brownfield Redevelopment Program's income tax and financing benefits, the program allows for the abatement of local real property taxes. The term of the benefits (not to exceed 20 years) and the percent of abatement (up to 100% and based on improvements made to real property) are determined at the discretion of the local authorities.

Sales and Use Tax Exemptions

There are many exemptions to sales and use taxes in both Kansas and Missouri. The following represent a few of the major exemptions.

INFORMATION FOR BOTH KANSAS AND MISSOURI IS PRESENTED BELOW.

Kansas

The Kansas state sales and use tax rates is 6.5%. However, there are several sales tax exemptions available which include:

  • Labor services related to original construction
  • Remodeling costs, furnishings, furniture, machinery and equipment for qualified projects
  • New machinery and equipment for manufacturing and distribution. This also includes pre- and post-production machinery and equipment, including raw material handling, waste storage, water purification and oil cleaning, as well as ancillary property such as gas pipes, electrical wiring and pollution control equipment.
  • Tangible personal property that becomes an ingredient or component part of a finished product
  • Tangible personal property that is immediately consumed in the production process, including electric power, natural gas and water
  • Incoming and outgoing interstate telephone or transmission services (WATTS)
  • Real and personal property financed with an Industrial Revenue Bond

Missouri

  • Machinery and equipment used to establish a new or expand an existing manufacturing facility, provided such machinery or equipment is used directly to manufacture a product ultimately intended for sale. 
  • Replacement machinery and equipment used directly in manufacturing a product ultimately intended for sale. 
  • Machinery, equipment, and devices that abate air or water pollution.
  • Machinery and equipment used to establish or expand a material recovery processing plant.
  • All materials and supplies used to install tax exempt machinery and equipment. 
  • Electricity consumed in the manufacturing process, provided the cost of electricity exceeds 10% of total production costs; and anodes, with a useful life of less than one year, used in manufacturing or production.
  • Computers, computer software, and computer security systems purchased for use by architectural or engineering firms headquartered in Missouri. 

    Training Programs

    INFORMATION FOR BOTH KANSAS AND MISSOURI IS PRESENTED BELOW.

    Kansas

    The state of Kansas has two workforce training programs to offset a company's training costs: 

    • Kansas Industrial Training (KIT) 
    • Kansas Industrial Retraining (KIR)

    Companies creating new jobs may quality for Kansas Industrial Training (KIT) assistance. Eligibility for the program depends on the number of jobs created and the corresponding wages. The state of Kansas also has the Kansas Industrial Retraining (KIR) program to retain a Kansas company's existing workforce on new technology or production activities. Projects involving a Kansas Basic Industry—which includes manufacturing, distribution or regional/national service facilities—may qualify for these programs.

    Both of these programs offer direct financial assistance to pay a negotiated portion of the costs to train a company's employees. Companies may apply the assistance toward items such as instructors' salaries; meals, travel and lodging (including out-of-state or international travel); video development; textbooks and training manuals; supplies and materials; temporary training facilities and curriculum planning and development.

    Missouri

    Missouri New Jobs Training Program

    The New Jobs Training Program (NJTP) provides education and training to workers employed in newly created jobs in Missouri. The new jobs may result from a new industry locating in Missouri or an existing industry expanding its workforce in the state. NJTP is administered through Missouri’s community college districts in cooperation with the Missouri Department of Economic Development through the Division of Workforce Development. In greater Kansas City, NJTP services are provided by the Metropolitan Community Colleges system.

    The program provides assistance in reducing the cost associated with expanding a workforce or locating a new facility through these training services:

    • Customized training designed for the specific needs of the industry; or 
    • Occupational skill training.

    Training assistance can include skill assessment, pre-employment training, instructor salaries, curriculum design, and training materials.

    Eligible businesses include manufacturing, processing, and assembling firms, as well as companies that conduct research and development, or that provide services in interstate commerce. Retail businesses do not qualify for the program.

    Funds for training and project costs are generated by using tax credits from the employer’s regular withholding taxes that are paid for the employees in the created jobs.  The amount paid is based on a percentage of the gross wages that have been paid to the employees. The tax withholding is equal to 2.5% of gross wages for the first 100 new jobs, and 1.5% for the remaining new jobs. To repay the training and certificate costs, the tax withholding credits are claimed for an average of 4-5 years.

    Missouri Customized Training Program

    The Missouri Customized Training Program (MCTP) helps Missouri employers with funding to offset the costs of training and retraining new and existing employees. The program can assist new and expanding employers with training workers in newly created jobs and help retrain existing employees to upgrade skills.

    The program is administered by the Missouri Department of Economic Development's Division of Workforce Development. Local educational agencies implement the program locally.

    Programs are customized to meet the specific needs of the company:

    • Classroom training can take place at the company work site, at local educational agencies or a combination of the two. Instructors may be provided through the local educational agency, vendors or the company may use their own internal trainers.

    Eligible companies are those providing permanent, full-time employment to Missouri residents, paying high competitive wages and creating new jobs above their peak employment level in the past year or retraining existing employees as a result of a substantial new capital investment.

    Applications should be submitted 30 days prior to the start of training or hiring. Some occupations and industries may not be eligible for this program and minimum wage rates apply.

    Missouri Job Retention Training Program

    The Job Retention Training Program (JRTP) provides education and retraining assistance for existing jobs to eligible employers who have retained a minimum of 100 employees for at least two consecutive calendar years and made a capital investment of at least $1 million. JRTP is administered through Missouri's community college districts in cooperation with the Missouri Department of Economic Development through the Division of Workforce Development. In greater Kansas City, JRTP services are provided by the Metropolitan Community Colleges system.

    The program provides assistance in reducing the cost associated with retraining an existing workforce for the purpose of retaining jobs in the state of Missouri through training services:

    • Training customized to the specific needs of the industry; 
    • General occupational skill training.

    Training assistance can include skill assessments, instructor costs, curriculum development, travel and a variety of other training-related services.  On-the-job training expenses are restricted to no more than 50% of a project’s training costs.  In addition, total expenses for equipment, supplies and travel cannot exceed 25% of a project’s training costs.  Training may be provided by the company, a local educational agency or a training vendor.

    Eligible businesses include manufacturing, processing, and assembling firms, as well as companies that conduct research and development, or that provide services in interstate or intrastate commerce. Retail businesses do not qualify for the program. In addition, the business must:

    • Have substantial investment in new technology; 
    • Be located on a border state and present risk of relocating from Missouri; or, 
    • Represent a substantial risk of relocation.

    Other eligibility criteria may apply, such as types of jobs, type of industry and wage rates.

    The community colleges, located in twelve districts in Missouri, in cooperation with the Missouri Department of Economic Development through the Division of Workforce Development, administer the program.  Funds for training and project costs are generated by using tax credits from the employer’s regular withholding taxes that are paid for the employees in the retained jobs.  The tax withholding is equal to 2.5% of gross wages for the first 100 jobs, and 1.5% for the remaining jobs in the project.  The tax withholding credits for the project are claimed for an average of 4 to 5 years to pay for project costs. 

    Utility Incentives

    Utility companies serving metropolitan Kansas City offer financial incentives to qualifying customers. These economic development riders and business incentive plans are designed to encourage industrial and commercial development by providing additional start-up cost savings to large users of natural gas and electricity. Incentives are also available for smaller users in the urban core.

    Qualifications are based on load requirements and/or demand levels of the customer's utility usage. Utilities on both sides of the state line may offer qualified customers a five-year decreasing (or potential increasing) discounts schedule equivalent to, or nearly equivalent to, one free year of service. Cost saving estimates and information on the incentive programs are available to qualifying customers from the specific utility company and/or the Kansas City Area Development Council. 

    Taxes

    Business Formation Fees

    Kansas

    Kansas files several types of business fees and attaches a different filing fee for each formation document. For example, there is a $90 filing fee for domestic for profit corporations and a $115 filing fee for foreign (non-Kansas) corporations. Each year business entities are required to file an annual report and pay a filing fee. The articles of formation may be amended by filing the appropriate amendment document with a filing fee. Many business filings may be completed electronically. Please visit the Business Filing Center. Paper forms are available in the Filings & Forms section of the web site.

    Missouri

    Missouri's initial fee for a domestic corporation is $50 on the first $30,000 shares/authorized capital, plus $5 tech fee, plus $3 for the certificate, for a minimum total of $58. Plus $5 on each additional $10,000 shares/authorized capital. For foreign (non-Missouri) corporations, Missouri assesses a $155 fee for issuance of a certificate of authority to do business in Missouri. Foreign and domestic corporations pay $45 annually ($20 on-line) for registration with the Secretary of State's office.

    Corporate Franchise Taxes

    Kansas

    The state of Kansas has no corporate franchise tax.

    Missouri

    The Missouri franchise tax rate is 1/37 of 1% (.00027027).  The franchise tax is based on the value of total assets or the par value of issued and outstanding capital stock, whichever is greater. Capital stock without a par value is valued at $5 per share or at its actual value, whichever is greater. Corporations with $1,000,000 or less of assets wholly in Missouri or apportioned to Missouri are not taxed. However, all corporations incorporated, qualified, or engaged in business in Missouri are required to file a franchise tax return. Not-for-profit corporations and express and insurance companies paying an annual tax on gross receipts or premium receipts in Missouri are examples of corporations exempt from filing and paying franchise tax. Multi-state corporations may apportion their assets based on a three factor method of accounts receivables, inventories, and land & fixed assets.

    The franchise tax due may be offset by applying applicable tax credits.

    The return for Missouri's franchise tax is filed with the Department of Revenue.

    Corporate Income Taxes

    Both states administer an income tax measured by net income of the corporation. The determination of taxable income begins with net taxable income reported for federal income tax purposes. Both states permit deduction of operating expenses from gross income in arriving at net taxable income. 

    Corporate Income Tax Rates
    Kansas
    4% of net taxable income. In addition, income in excess of $50,000 is subject to a 3.0% surtax.
    Missouri
    6.25% of net taxable income earned in the state. (Note that Missouri allows 50% of federal income tax payments to be deducted before computing taxable income.)

     
    INFORMATION FOR BOTH KANSAS AND MISSOURI IS PRESENTED BELOW.

    Kansas

    Kansas corporate taxable income is defined as federal taxable income with numerous state adjustments. Kansas does not allow a deduction for federal or state income taxes.

    The rate of tax is 4% of net taxable income. In addition, a 3% surtax is imposed on income in excess of $50,000. A corporation must make quarterly estimated tax payments if its Kansas income tax liability can reasonably be expected to exceed $500.

    For those corporations having facilities both inside and outside Kansas, the net income attributed to the Kansas operation is based upon the percentage of the corporation's business located in Kansas. A business's tax obligation is determined by a three-factor formula that considers the proportion of sales, property, and dollar payroll attributable to the Kansas facility.

    Corporations may opt for a two-factor (sales and property) apportionment formula to calculate tax liability if the payroll factor for a taxable year exceeds 200% of the average of the property and sales factors. Also, the state allows net operating losses to be carried forward for each of the 10 years following the tax year of the net operating loss.

    Investment funds service companies headquartered in Kansas and employing 100 individuals on a full-time basis are taxed only on their income earned from the administration of funds of Kansas residents.

    Alternative accounting methods can be approved by the Secretary of Revenue to effect an equitable allocation and apportionment of a taxpayer's income.

    Job creation and investment tax credits are available state-wide to businesses which create new jobs and investment, by locating, expanding, or renovating within the state of Kansas.

    Visit the Kansas Department of Revenue for more information.

    Missouri

    Missouri corporate income tax is based on federal taxable income with adjustments for state income taxes, interest from exempt federal obligations, and other less common adjustments.

    The tax rate for corporations is 6.25% applied to Missouri taxable income. In addition, Missouri allows 50% of federal income tax payments to be deducted before computing taxable income. Using the deduction, a corporation with a taxable income of $1 million would have a Missouri effective tax rate of only 5.2%. Estimates must be filed and quarterly payments made, if the tax is reasonably expected to exceed $100.

    For corporations conducting business both inside and outside Missouri, only income earned in Missouri is taxed. Two allocation options are offered for calculating this income: 1) a single-factor formula based on sales, or 2) a three-factor formula based on property, payroll, and sales. Missouri is the only state that permits companies to choose the formula that results in the lesser corporate income tax liability.

    Kansas City, Missouri, imposes a tax at the rate of 1% on net profits earned by all corporations as a result of work done or services performed within its boundaries. Federal and state income taxes are not deductible, but local taxes paid are deductible. Apportionment of earnings, where the company has established places of business both in and out of the city, is made by use of a three-factor formula based on property, payroll, and sales.

    A variety of benefits, including an array of income tax credits, are available to companies which create new jobs and new investment within Missouri.

    Visit the Missouri Department of Revenue for more information.

    Individual Income Taxes

    Both the state of Kansas and the state of Missouri use a graduated tax rate schedule based on net taxable income. Personal exemptions, itemized deductions, or standard deductions are applied to gross income to obtain net taxable income.
       
    INFORMATION FOR BOTH KANSAS AND MISSOURI IS PRESENTED BELOW.

    Kansas

    Effective Tax Year 2017, the tax rate for individual taxpayers ranges from 2.7% on the first $15,000 of taxable income to 4.6% of excess taxable income over $15,000. The tax rate for joint returns ranges from 2.7% on the first $30,000 of taxable income to 4.6% of excess taxable income over $30,000.

    Rates for individuals
    If taxable income is:
    The tax is:
    $0 - $15,000
    2.9%
    $15,001 - $30,000
    $435 plus 4.9% of excess over $15,000
    $30,001 and over $1,170.50 plus 5.2% of excess over 30,000 
    Rates for joint returns
    If taxable income is:
    The tax is:
    $0 - $30,000
    2.9%
    $30,001 - $60,000
    $870 plus 4.9% of excess over $30,000
    $60,001 and over $2,340 plus 5.2% of excess over $60,000 

    Kansas taxable income is reduced by the amounts of various standard and itemized deductions. The standard deduction amount for single head-of-household filers is $5,500 and married taxpayers filing jointly is $7,500.

    Visit the Kansas Department of Revenue for more information.

    City Earnings Taxes

    No cities within Kansas impose an earnings tax, however, Kansas residents who work in Kansas City, Missouri are subject to the Kansas City, Missouri earnings tax.

    Missouri

    The tax rate for individuals ranges from 1.5% on the first $1,000 of taxable income to 6% of taxable income over $9,000. Missouri taxable income is reduced by the amounts of various standard and itemized deductions. The standard deductions include: a portion of federal income tax paid (up to $5,000 on a single return and $10,000 on a joint return), $1,200 for each dependent, $2,100 for each personal exemption, as well as the federal standard deduction for a married couple filing jointly who does not itemize deductions.

     
    Missouri Tax Rates
    If taxable income is:
    The tax is:
    $0 - $99  $0
    $100 - $1,000
    1.5%
    Over $1,000, but not over $2,000
    $15 + 2.0% of excess over $1,000
    Over $2,000, but not over $3,000
    $35 + 2.5% of excess over $2,000
    Over $3,000, but not over $4,000
    $60 + 3.0% of excess over $3,000
    Over $4,000, but not over $5,000
    $90 + 3.5% of excess over $4,000
    Over $5,000, but not over $6,000
    $125 + 4.0% of excess over $5,000
    Over $6,000, but not over $7,000
    $165 + 4.5% of excess over $6,000
    Over $7,000, but not over $8,000
    $210 + 5.0% of excess over $7,000
    Over $8,000, but not over $9,000
    $260 + 5.5% of excess over $8,000
    Over $9,000
    $315 + 6.0% of excess over $9,000

    Visit the Missouri Department of Revenue for more information.

    City Earnings Taxes

    The city of Kansas City, Missouri, imposes a tax of 1% on salaries, wages, and commissions earned by individuals living or working in Kansas City, Missouri

    Property Taxes

    A variety of services are offered by local municipalities, which must be carefully considered in conjunction with property tax rates. Throughout the metropolitan area, there are numerous taxing authorities for services such as schools, junior colleges, fire prevention, sewer and water, drainage, and hospitals. All of these taxing authorities may impose levies in any given community, thus, tax rates will vary for every municipality.

    INFORMATION FOR BOTH KANSAS AND MISSOURI IS PRESENTED BELOW.

    Kansas

    The local property tax rate is an aggregate of state, county, city, school, and other district levies expressed as tax per $1,000 of assessed valuation. All real property is subject to ad valorem taxation unless expressly exempt. Examples of exemptions are:

    • Merchants’ and manufacturers’ inventories.
    • Personal property moving through the state or consigned to a warehouse in Kansas from a point outside Kansas in transit to a final destination outside Kansas.
    • Real and tangible personal property used exclusively for literary, educational, scientific, religious, or charitable purposes.
    • Aircraft used predominantly in the conduct of business.

    The Department of Revenue's Division of Property Valuation is the state agency exercising general supervision over ad-valorem policies and procedures in Kansas.

    Assessment Ratios

    • Commercial and industrial real property is assessed at 25% of fair market value.
    • Residential property is assessed at 11.5% of fair market value.
    • Real property owned and operated by not-for-profit organizations and vacant lots are assessed at 12% of fair market value.
    • Agricultural land, mineral leasehold interests, and motor vehicles are assessed at 30% of fair market value.
    • Public utility real and personal property is assessed at 33% of fair market value.

    Real Property

    Most real property is appraised at its fair market value with the exception of agricultural land. Property is assessed by the county appraiser in the taxing district in which the property is located.

    Tangible Personal Property

    Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment acquired by qualified purchase or lease, or transferred into the state, is exempt from state and local property tax. This exemption pertains to machinery and equipment used in the expansion of an existing facility or the establishment of a new facility. The exemption covers machinery and equipment used in manufacturing or warehousing/distribution, commercial equipment, computer, desks and chairs, copiers and fax machines.

    Intangible Personal Property

    Kansas law permits the imposition of a 3% or less intangible personal property tax on the income derived from all money, securities, credits, notes or other evidences of indebtedness. Counties, cities, and townships have the option of reducing or eliminating the tax. The six Kansas counties in the metropolitan area have eliminated their shares of the tax, and most cities in those counties have eliminated all or part of the tax.

    Non-Business Personal Property

    The county appraiser has the responsibility to value watercraft and trailers at market value and is assessed at 30%. Taxes on autos, light and medium trucks and motorcycles are due at the time of registration and the value is depreciated 15% per year of the manufacturer's suggested retail price.

    Missouri

    The local property tax rate is an aggregate of school, city, county, and state levies expressed as tax per $100 of assessed valuation. Property is assessed on the basis of "fair or true market value." All property, real and tangible personal, is taxable unless expressly exempt. Examples of exemptions include:

    • Inventories of retail merchants, manufacturers, and wholesalers, including raw materials and goods in process.
    • Property “actually and regularly used exclusively” by an exempt organization pursuant to its exempt purposes and not held for private or corporate profit.

    The State Tax Commission of Missouri is the agency charged with overseeing Missouri's property tax system.

    Assessment Ratios

    • Commercial and industrial real property is assessed at 32% of fair market value.
    • Tangible personal property, not elsewhere classified, is assessed at 33 1/3% of fair market value.
    • Residential property is assessed at 19% of fair market value.
    • Agricultural property is assessed at 12% of productive value.

    Real Property

    All property is appraised at its fair or true market value by the county. Commercial and industrial real property (i.e., land and buildings) is assessed an additional county surcharge designed to replace revenue losses attributable to the tax exemption of business inventories.

    Tangible Personal Property

    Assessed values of tangible personal property in Missouri are set at 33 1/3% of fair or true market value. Most counties in the metropolitan area use formulas under which original costs of depreciable personal property are discounted to determine true values. Tangible personal property includes machinery and equipment.

    Intangible Personal Property

    There is no tax on intangible personal property.

    Non-Business Personal Property

    The state has authorized local governments to apply a tax based on the actual cash value of licensed motor vehicles (automobiles, trucks, motorcycles), boats, motors, trailers and campers. The assessment ratio for this type of property is 33 1/3%. The assessment ratio for livestock is 12% and 0.5% for grain and crops.

                  
    Effective 2016 Real Property Tax Rates (%)
    in Selected Municipalities
    KANSAS
    Commercial,
    Real
    Residential, Real Individual Personal
    Atchison, Atchison Co.
    4.26%
    1.96%
    5.11%
    Bonner Springs, Wyandotte Co.
    4.10
    1.89
    4.92
    De Soto, Johnson Co.
    3.87
    1.78
    4.64
    Edwardsville, Wyandotte Co.
    4.59
    2.11
    5.51
    Gardner, Johnson Co.
    3.46
    1.59
    4.15
    Kansas City, Wyandotte Co.
    4.25
    1.95
    5.09
    Lawrence, Douglas Co.
    3.27
    1.51
    3.93
    Leavenworth, Leavenworth Co.
    3.34
    1.54
    4.01
    Leawood, Johnson Co.(1)
    3.26
    1.50
    3.92
    Lenexa, Johnson Co.(1)
    3.11
    1.43
    3.73
    Merriam, Johnson Co.
    3.05
    1.40
    3.66
    Olathe, Johnson Co.(1)
    3.15
    1.45
    3.78
    Osawatomie, Miami Co.
    4.11
    1.89
    4.93
    Ottawa, Franklin Co.
    4.55
    2.09
    5.46
    Overland Park, Johnson  Co.(1)
    3.00
    1.38
    3.60
    Paola, Miami Co.
    3.84
    1.77
    4.61
    Prairie Village, Johnson Co.
    3.09
    1.42
    3.71
    Shawnee, Johnson Co.
    2.98
    1.37
    3.57
    Topeka, Shawnee Co.
    4.05
    1.86
    4.86
    MISSOURI
    Commercial, Real Residential, Real Individual Personal
    Belton, Cass Co.
    2.85%
    1.59%
    2.12%
    Blue Springs, Jackson Co.
    3.31
    1.69
    2.97
    Cameron, Clinton Co.
    2.26
    1.26
    2.21
    Chillicothe, Livingston Co.
    2.49
    1.36
    2.38
    Claycomo, Clay Co.
    3.02
    1.49
    2.61
    Excelsior Springs, Clay Co.
    2.98
    1.47
    2.57
    Gladstone, Clay Co.
    3.22
    1.61
    2.82
    Grain Valley, Jackson Co.  3.47   1.79 3.13 
    Grandview, Jackson Co.
    3.20
    1.63
    2.85
    Harrisonville, Cass Co.  2.21 1.21 2.12
    Independence, Jackson Co.
    2.99
    1.50
    2.39
    Kansas City, Clay Co.(2)
    3.34
    1.73
    3.04
    Kansas City, Jack. Co.(1),(2)
    3.02
    1.52
    2.67
    Kansas City, Platte Co.(2)
    2.82
    1.60
    2.81
    Kearney, Clay Co.
    2.99
    1.47
    2.58
    Lee’s Summit, Jackson Co.
    3.28
    1.67
    2.93
    Lexington, Lafayette Co.
    2.44
    1.37
    2.39
    Liberty, Clay Co.
    3.21
    1.60
    2.81
    North Kansas City, Clay Co.
    3.19
    1.59
    2.69
    Parkville, Platte Co.
    2.91
    1.66
    2.90
    Platte City, Platte Co.
    2.67
    1.52
    2.30
    Raymore, Cass Co.
    3.00
    1.68
    2.94
    Raytown, Jackson Co.
    3.37
    1.73
    3.03
    Richmond, Ray Co.
    2.48
    1.42
    2.48
    Riverside, Platte Co.
    2.33
    1.32
    2.31
    Smithville, Clay Co.
    2.65
    1.27
    2.12
    St. Joseph, Buchanan Co.
    2.09
    1.07
    1.87
    Warrensburg, Johnson Co.
    2.43
    1.39
    2.43
    (1) Significant portions of these cities are served by more than one school district; the rate shown reflects the levy of the school district in which residents predominately reside.
    (2) The City of Kansas City, Mo. imposes an additional levy on land that does not apply to improvements. The rates shown here do not reflect this special land levy.
    Note: Effective rates are estimates based on the sum of levies for all major taxing jurisdictions and each state's appropriate assessment ratio. The rates above reflect the "typically" applicable levies in a municipality. In reality, a range of possible levy totals exist in most of the major communities. The most important source of variation is likely to be school district (see note 2 above), but other special districts may account for differences as well.
    Source: County Clerks

    Sales and Use Tax

    Sales tax is applicable on all sales made from a location within a state. Use tax applies to property for use, storage, or consumption that was purchased from an out-of-state vendor.

    INFORMATION FOR BOTH KANSAS AND MISSOURI IS PRESENTED BELOW.

    Kansas

    The sales tax is the total of state and local rates and is applied to all retail purchases plus taxable services sold at retail to the consumer. Kansas levies a 6.5% sales and use tax. If applicable, an additional levy may be imposed by the city or county in an amount that will vary.

    If the sale or use of property has already been subject to a tax of less than 6.3% by any state, then the tax is the difference between 6.3% and the tax that has already been imposed.

    Missouri

    The state of Missouri levies a 4.225% sales/use tax on purchases other than retail sales of food. Food is taxed by the state at 1.225%. The sales tax is applied to all retail purchases plus taxable services such as utilities sold at retail to the consumer. Counties in the metro area impose levies ranging from 0.75% to 2.00%. Local county and municipal sales taxes apply to food as well as other retail purchases. However, many local counties and municipalities do not impose any use tax above the state rate.

    If the sale or use of property has already been subject to a tax of less than 4.225% by any state, then the tax is the difference between 4.225% and the tax that has already been imposed.

    Sales Tax Rates in Selected Municipalities (%)
    KANSAS (1)
    SALES USE
    Atchison, Atchison Co. 8.750 6.50
    Basehor, Leavenworth Co. 8.500 6.50
    Bonner Springs, Wyandotte Co. 9.250 6.50
    De Soto, Johnson Co. 9.725 6.50
    Edwardsville, Wyandotte Co. 9.000 6.50
    Gardner, Johnson Co. 9.475 6.50
    Kansas City, Wyandotte Co. 9.125 6.50
    Lansing, Leavenworth Co. 8.950 6.50
    Lawrence, Douglas Co. 9.050 6.50
    Leavenworth, Leavenworth Co. 9.500 6.50
    Leawood, Johnson Co. 9.100 6.50
    Lenexa, Johnson Co. 9.350 6.50
    Louisburg, Miami Co. 9.250 6.50
    Merriam, Johnson Co. 9.225 6.50
    Olathe, Johnson Co. 9.475 6.50
    Osawatomie, Miami Co. 9.000 6.50
    Ottawa, Franklin Co. 9.600 6.50
    Overland Park, Johnson Co. 9.100 6.50
    Paola, Miami Co. 9.250 6.50
    Prairie Village, Johnson Co. 8.975 6.50
    Shawnee, Johnson Co. 9.600 6.50
    Spring Hill, Miami Co. 9.500 6.50
    Tonganoxie, Leavenworth Co. 9.250 6.50
    Topeka, Shawnee Co. 9.150 6.50
    MISSOURI (2)
    SALES USE
    Belton, Cass Co. 8.725 5.975
    Blue Springs, Jackson Co. 8.100 4.225
    Cameron, Clinton Co. 7.725 4.725
    Chillicothe, Livingston Co. 7.225 7.225
    Excelsior Springs, Clay Co. 8.725 8.600
    Gladstone, Clay Co. 7.725 7.600
    Grain Valley, Jackson Co. 8.100 4.225
    Grandview, Jackson Co. 7.975 4.225
    Independence, Jackson Co. 7.850 4.225
    Kansas City, Clay Co. 8.100 7.975
    Kansas City, Jackson Co. 8.475 7.100
    Kansas City, Platte Co. 8.475 8.475
    Kearney, Clay Co. 7.225 5.100
    Lee’s Summit, Jackson Co. 7.850 4.225
    Liberty, Clay Co. 8.100 5.100
    North Kansas City, Clay Co. 6.725 5.100
    Raytown, Jackson Co. 8.350 4.225
    Richmond, Ray Co. 8.225 7.725
    Riverside, Platte Co. 6.600 6.600
    St. Joseph, Buchanan Co. 8.700 8.700
    Warrensburg, Johnson Co. 8.350 8.350

    (1) The state use tax in Kansas is 6.15%. No local compensating taxes are due unless the item purchased or leased is a motor vehicle, trailer, or vessel that is required to be registered.

    (2) These are non-food rates; for food purchases, subtract 3% from each Missouri community's rate.

    Source: Kansas Department of Revenue, 2015 & Missouri Department of Revenue, July 2016.

    Unemployment Insurance

    INFORMATION FOR BOTH KANSAS AND MISSOURI IS PRESENTED BELOW.

    Kansas

    Kansas does not have a fixed rate schedule—positive balance employers’ rates are adjusted annually based on the ratio of the size of the fund balance to total payroll. For 2017, positive balance employers pay between 0.2% and 5.4%. Negative balance employers pay between 5.6% and 7.6% (that is, 5.4% plus a surcharge of 0.2% to 2.0% based on the size of the negative reserve ratio, plus an additional surcharge to pay interest on the loan from the Federal UI which ranges from 0.10% to 2.0%). Unemployment insurance rates are applied to the first $14,000 in wages paid annually to each employee.

    If an employer already has a facility in Kansas and has established an experience rating, the employer will have the same tax rate for any new facility built in Kansas. New companies locating in the state receive an entry rate based on the type of business. After three years, when original liability is established before July 1, the employer may have a tax rate computed with experience rate factors. When liability is established after June 30, the employer may have a computed rate after four years. Employers who are not eligible for a rate computation shall pay contributions at the rate of 2.7 percent, except for employers in the construction industry, who will pay at the rate of six percent.

    The maximum weekly benefit cap is the greater of either $474 or 55.0% of the average weekly wages paid to employees in insured work during the previous calendar year for up to 16 weeks. Employees dismissed without misconduct are eligible to receive benefits after a one-week waiting period. An employee who voluntarily quits without good cause attributable to the work or to the employer or an employee who was discharged for misconduct connected with the work may be disqualified from receiving benefits. Disqualifications are explained in more detail in the complete Kansas Employer Handbook.

    The Kansas Department of Labor oversees unemployment insurance in Kansas.

    Shared Work Unemployment Insurance

    In lieu of a layoff, an employer may divide the workday among a group of affected employees. Under the shared work unemployment insurance program, employees are allowed to receive a portion of their unemployment insurance benefits while working reduced hours. This program is only available to employers with a positive account balance.

    Missouri

    In Missouri, the unemployment insurance tax is levied on the first $13,000 of an employee’s annual compensation. The taxable wage base can increase in increments of $1,000 or decrease in increments of $500, depending on the state’s unemployment fund balance, but it cannot fall below the federally required minimum of $7,000. In 2017, the normal entry rate set for a new employer is contingent upon the type of business involved, however, all new employers pay 2.7%, except for those in the construction-related industries. The contribution rate for construction is 3.17%. The contribution rate for nonprofit and governmental employers is 1.00%.

    Thus, a new employer’s cost per employee would be 2.7% of $13,000 or $351.00. An employer may qualify for a rate below the entry rate based on at least 12 months benefit charge ability. A new employer may qualify for a rate based on a predecessor’s experience in the case of an acquisition of a business. The maximum unemployment benefit is $320 per week for up to 20 weeks.

    Many states have had to adopt the usage of surtaxes to defray the costs of benefits attributed to the severity and duration of the most recent recessionary period. The surtax in Missouri is based on the unemployment compensation fund balance and increases rates by 10, 20, or 30% of the tax due or reduces rates by seven or 12% of tax due, depending on the balance in the fund.

    The Department of Labor and Industrial Relations' Division of Employment Security oversees unemployment insurance in Missouri.

    Shared Work Program

    This program was initiated to encourage job retention. Under the program, employers reduce work hours a certain percentage, rather than lay off employees. Those employees then receive both wages for actual hours worked, and partial unemployment insurance benefits.

    Workers' Compensation

    Workers’ compensation provides benefits to injured employees for accidents or occupational diseases arising out of, and in the course of, their employment. Compensation coverage is available through private insurance carriers licensed by the state, but self-insurance is allowed in both states with approval from the states’ Division of Workers’ Compensation.

    Costs vary for individual businesses and are dependent upon type of employment (occupational risk), estimated annual remuneration, and the company’s loss experience.

    INFORMATION FOR BOTH KANSAS AND MISSOURI IS PRESENTED BELOW.

    Kansas

    Employers with a gross annual payroll estimated to be more than $20,000 are subject to the provisions of the Workers’ Compensation Act. Employers may secure workers’ compensation insurance for their employees by 1) obtaining insurance from authorized private insurance companies, 2) becoming self-insured, or 3) becoming a member of a qualified group-funded workers’ compensation insurance pool.

    A new rating structure in effect since 1995 allows workers’ compensation insurance coverage to be provided by private insurance companies on a competitive basis. Premiums are determined by applying the rate for a specific occupation, per $100 of payroll, to the annual wage per employee.

    Temporary total and permanent partial payments to injured workers are based on two-thirds of a worker’s gross weekly wage, not to exceed $630 per week. Benefits are also available in the cases of permanent total disability or for surviving spouse, dependents and heirs of an employee whose injury resulted in death. Workers' compensation premium rates in Kansas are ninth lowest in the nation.

    The state’s administrative costs for workers’ compensation and maintenance of the Workers’ Compensation Fund balance are funded by assessments on the paid losses of insurance companies, group pools, and the self-insured. The most recent assessment rate for administrative costs was 2.79% and the assessment for the Workers’ Compensation Fund was assessed at 0.75%. These rates are set annually based on the previous calendar year’s paid losses and the amounts required for administration and adequate Fund balance.

    Visit the Kansas Department of Labor for more information.

    Missouri

    All businesses with five or more employees (excluding agricultural or domestic labor) must provide workers’ compensation insurance to protect their workers in case of job-related injury, illness, or death. Construction employers with one or more employees must provide workers’ compensation insurance.

    Companies can offer this protection through a private insurance carrier or they can become self-insured. Premium rates vary depending on the risks associated with special occupations and on the employer’s loss (or injury) experience. Beginning in 1994, insurance rates are set by each insurance company on a competitive basis and employers have the opportunity to shop around for the lowest rates.

    As in most states, the premium rates apply to an employee’s total annual salary. The maximum weekly benefit for temporary total disability payments are up to two-thirds of his or her average weekly wage. Additional payments are required if the employee has a permanent impairment or cannot return to work. If the injury results in death, benefits are paid to the employee’s surviving dependents. Missouri’s maximum weekly benefit is $879.06.92 effective until July 1, 2018.

    An additional employer cost related to workers’ compensation is a premium tax to finance the expenses of the Missouri Division of Workers’ Compensation (up to 2%) and a premium surcharge to finance the Second Injury Fund. Both of these charges may be suspended or reduced depending on the amount needed for the administrative costs of the Division or the amount needed to maintain the proper balance of the Fund. In calendar year 2017, the administrative tax is 1.0 percent, the administrative surcharge is 1.0 percent and the Second Injury Fund surcharge is assessed at 3.0%.

    To aid in shopping among insurers, the state has set up a toll-free number for employers (888.200.1697). Information on companies with the lowest rates as well as the high, medium, and low rates for any particular class code is faxed back or mailed to the employer shopping for coverage. Additionally, employers can use the web version of the hotline, which provides the insurance rates for all carriers.

    Visit the Missouri Division of Workers' Compensation for more information.

    DEFINING THE GREATER KC METRO AREA

    Kansas City is a Missouri/Kansas bi-state metropolitan area. All statistical references made to Kansas City Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) include the counties of Bates, Caldwell, Cass, Clay, Clinton, Jackson, Lafayette, Platte and Ray in Missouri, and Johnson, Leavenworth, Linn, Miami and Wyandotte counties in Kansas. The greater Kansas City area also includes the adjoining Lawrence, KS, St. Joseph, MO, and Topeka, KS MSAs, as well as the Atchison, KS, Chillicothe, MO, Ottawa, KS, and Warrensburg, MO areas.

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